The war deepened some powerful centrifugal forces within Afghan society and destroyed the government institution
deepened ethnic tensions , the rising of islamist ideology. and
1997 taliban ominous and fear around women. For first time author was approached by women on the street who were forced into begging or worse by harsh taliban policies that took away their livelihoods.
Afghanistan had become a place of petty, narrow minded intolerance.
Intolerance to degenerated into increasingly virulent ethnic hatred and cleansing.
soviets planted 30 million mines
2 million killed
15,000 Soviets died
soviets pumped out gas from shiberghan
education system completely disrupted
Afghanistan, a despeately underdevelped country attempting to modernize throughout the twentieth centurey, jinnally caught up to the modern world-in high-technoloty warfare. The result has ben the ruin of the country and society and very nearly the destruction of the people and their culture." page 5